Netherlands

06/24/2014
Galerie Rosemarie Jäger, Hochheim, Germany

Otto Künzli and Robert SmitRobert Smit was awarded the Golden Ring of Honor this year, which places him in the Pantheon of great contemporary jewelers. It was given in recognition of his dedication and brilliance in making jewelry, drawings, and paintings over many years. This year, the ring was made by Otto Künzli, who was the last recipient of the Ring of Honor. Otto’s design is quite amusing. Rosemarie Jäger gave Robert a reception at her gallery to mark this occasion. Robert is a prolific and thoughtful artist who has strong opinions that guide his process. It was a pleasure to have the privilege of interviewing him. 

For further recent publications about Robert Smit, you can read Liesbeth den Besten’s article in Metalsmith, v.33, n.5, 2013, and the catalog published by Padova, Musei Civici agli Eremitani, on the occasion of this year’s show, called Esoteric Revelations.

Susan Cummins: Congratulations! You were just awarded the Golden Ring of Honor 2014 by the Association for Goldsmiths’ Art in Hanau, Germany. This recognition is a great honor. What is the history of this 41 year-long tradition? And how do you feel about getting it?

Robert Smit: The tradition was started in 1933, so it is already 81 years old! In the beginning, the Golden Ring of Honor was given every year up until 1957. In 1960 it was changed to every 3 years. The first years it took place in Berlin. Then in 1947 it moved to Hamburg, because the Gesellschaft für Goldschmiedekunst had to move out from Berlin. For the last 29 years, the meetings and presentations of the award have taken place in Hanau. See the list of Ehrenringträger (Carriers of the honorary ring) at the end of the interview. 

 

And how do you feel about getting it?

Robert Smit: I first experienced the excitement of this award as a student at the Kunst- und Werkschule in Pforzheim when it was announced that Max Fröhlich won (1965). With this international distinction I find myself in the company of excellent jewelry designers. It gives me the highest form of recognition in my field. 

Otto KünzliOtto Künzli

You are quoted as saying, “I think I have become too much encapsulated in jewelry. I want to have it in balance, drawing and jewelry—they are so close to each other.” Can you explain this? How does this idea affect your work?

Robert Smit: The quality of a piece of jewelry is never related to its functionality. The challenge is in imagining what an ornament can be. Jewelry is an object that transcends utility. The essence of my work is just part of my way of thinking and doing. It is my personal history that leads to choices I make. I make no distinction in whether it’s a drawing or a piece of jewelry. Therefore, they are close to each other.

Robert SmitHow long have you been making jewelry? And how did you get started?

Robert Smit: In 1966 I graduated cum laude from the Kunst- und Werkschule and then went back to my hometown of Delft and opened my studio.

What were your early inspirations? 

Robert Smit: The works of Jan Schoonhoven (Zero), including his drawings, his reliefs, and his ideas, rather strongly influenced me. Also the works of Piero Manzoni (Zero) and the works from the Arte Povera movement were important.

Back in the 1960s and 70s you were involved in disputes about the use of gold in jewelry. How are you feeling about that now? What is your opinion about how the field is using it today?

Robert Smit: At that time I was against the current idea of the democratization of the jewel. In my opinion, this was a gigantic dumbing down, an unbridled levity, where the essence of the jewel got lost. My use of gold was partly a way to take a position against this dumbing down, a position that could counteract this development. The brouhaha that this brought about in the Netherlands indicates that this was an exciting time. However, soon after 1985, “The Ban on Gold” was a thing of the past! Working with gold was no longer "forbidden.” 

The level of knowledge and handling of materials depends on your education, training, and the school you attend, and is ultimately measured by the design. This applies to all materials and visions. If you want to deal with metal and you want to create jewelry, go to the Zeichen Academie in Hanau, where you will learn how to make gold alloy and how to hold a hammer in 7 semesters. And also where you can learn the most modern techniques. After this academy, continue to further your education at someplace like the Rietveld Academie, the Academie der Bildenden Künste in Münich, or any other academy anywhere in the world. That seems the way to do it to me.

Robert SmitThis latest series is called Letters to Madonna delle Dolomiti, which you can see depicted here. What does that refer to?

Robert Smit: Here is what I wrote about it in the catalog Madonna delle Dolomiti, Galerie Louise Smit, 2006:

“Madonna delle Dolomiti 

In August 1980 I heard her sing.

A cappella.

We were on our way to Amsterdam, coming from Venice.

I was driving, somewhere along route 242, between S.Cristina and S.Pietro.

It was night and the sound was coming from the car radio.

An Italian yodel of the most exquisite kind.

The quality of her voice was beyond all comparison.

Even if I had been able to understand the language, the lyrics would not have mattered at all, their significance being absolutely secondary to her voice.

The meaning of the song for me consisted in the sounds.

These sounds and intonations produced an unprecedented sense of enchantment.

When the song was over, I believed myself to be in heaven.

This moment of beauty and enlightenment has never left me since.

In my current work, I search for the equivalent of a similar kind of purity and excitement.

My fellow passengers, Wim, Karel, and Kees, were asleep when she was singing, so that the sound of her voice was mine alone. When I, all excited, told them about this experience of sheer bliss afterwards, they looked at me incredulously.”

Robert SmitRobert Smit

What have you seen, heard, or read recently that you could recommend?

Robert Smit: A year and a half ago I saw a beautiful exhibition by Beatrice Brovia at Galerie Caroline van Hoek in Brussels. It impressed me, so I looked further at her work. This also brought me in contact with the works of Nicolas Cheng, who she works with. Last year in Amsterdam I saw their work at Sieraad Fair, and then last March at Schmuck we met again and we spoke about their work. I was glad to be able to invite them to show their work at the fine art Galerie De Zaal in Delft, where I will also exhibit my work in the same exhibition starting November 1, 2014. Jon Stam, who is an excellent young designer, will join us there as well.

Thank you.

 

Golden Ring Honorees

1933

Franz Rickert

München

1934

Emil Lettré

Berlin

1935

Josef Pöhlmann

Nürnberg

1936

Ludwig Riffelmacher

Berlin

1937

Johann Michael Wilm

München

1938

Elisabeth Treskow

Köln

1939

Karl Borromäus Berthold

Köln

1940

Ferdinand Richard Wilm

Berlin

1941

Julius Maria Schneider

München / Schwaz in Tirol

1942

August Bock

Hanau

1943

Herbert Zeitner

Lüneburg

1944

Fritz Möhler

Schwäbisch Gmünd

1946

Theodor Wende

Pforzheim

1947

Alexander Schönauer

Hamburg

1948

Hermann Wandinger

Dorfen

1949

Martin Seitz

Passau

1950

Josef Arnold

Hamburg

1951

Baron Erik Fleming

Stockholm, Schweden

1952

Meinrad Burch-Korrodi

Zürich, Schweiz

1953

Jan-Eloy Brom

Utrecht, Niederlande

1954

Max Olofs

München

1955

Sigurd Persson

Stockholm, Schweden

1956

Lili Schultz

Halle

1957

Walter Lochmüller

Schwäbisch Gmünd

1960

Bertel Gardberg

Skuru, Finnland

1963

Sören Georg Jensen

Kopenhagen, Dänemark

1965

Max Fröhlich

Zürich, Schweiz

1969

Hermann Jünger

Pöring bei München

1972

Friedrich Becker

Düsseldorf

1975

Mario Pinton

Padua, Italien

1978

Ebbe Weiß-Weingart

Salem

1982

Karl Gustav Hansen

Kolding, Dänemark; Grandvaux, Schweiz

1985

Bruno Martinazzi

Turin, Italien

1990

Anton Cepka

Sväty Jur, Slowakei

1994

Yasuki Hiramatsu

Tokyo, Japan

1998

Giampaolo Babetto

Arquà Tetrarca, Italien

2002

Michael Rowe

London, Großbritannien

2005

Peter Skubic

St. Michael, Österreich

2008

Tone Vigeland

Oslo, Norwegen

2011

Otto Künzli

München

 

Susan Cummins

Susan Cummins has been involved in numerous ways in the visual arts world over the last 35 years, from working in a pottery studio, doing street fairs, running a retail shop called the Firework in Mill Valley and developing the Susan Cummins Gallery into a nationally recognized venue for regional art and contemporary art jewelry. Now she spends most of her time working with a private family foundation called Rotasa and as a board member of AJF and California College of the Arts.

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