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Paul Mergen: A Life in Copper

By United States

Though not widely known, Paul Mergen is an American metalsmith and educator who has been practicing with focus and purpose for 50 years. In fact, his work has existed outside the mainstream of the metal and jewelry fields, in semi-isolation, for the better part of his career. Mergen’s recent retrospective, So What 50, at the Arts Council of Greater Kalamazoo featured 150 works—primarily in copper—spanning 50 years. Accompanying the works were handwritten contextual statements that situated the work within the artist’s practical philosophies of making, giving, family, nature, and art. By any measure, the show held a tremendous amount of work with more than 30 shadowboxes and five pedestals in a 700-square-foot gallery. The exhibition highlighted Mergen’s prodigious skill, though his technical mastery was almost always in the service of advancing narrative, thematic, or cultural concerns.

Paul Mergen
Paul Mergen, Sprout, 1972, brooch

By the late 1960s, Mergen had begun to explore additional themes, most notably international indigenous craft traditions. A series of pierced combs and brooches from 1966 demonstrate an early interest in pre-Columbian metalwork. Unlike the cultural pilfering of Robert Lee Morris a decade later, Mergen’s appropriations revel in the spirit of the original. They are more in league with revivalism than appropriation.

Paul Mergen
Paul Mergen, Big Dipper, 1974, ladle/bowl, copper, naval brass, 392 x 139 x 140 mm, photo by artist

The 1970s also saw Mergen gradually shift toward more personal themes with strong narrative imagery emerging as Paul and his wife Brenda started a family in Kalamazoo. Emblematic of this shift is Family Portrait (1976), a substantial necklace with intense piercing and accumulated charms that has clear personal, narrative, and symbolic value. From this point forward, Mergen used both piercing and chasing to create vivid imagery in his work. Through the late 1970s and 80s, Mergen reveals an increasing interest in the representation of nature. Fibers, tumbled stones, seeds, and coins were incorporated into his material and compositional lexicon. Wrapping and bundling also became standard practices.

Paul Mergen
Paul Mergen, Fish Ring, 1989, copper, stone; 31 x 104 x 72 mm, photo by artist

Acknowledging the errant nature of Mergen’s practice allows critical analysis to exist outside the rubric used to assess historical works. Set within a landscape of willful isolation, Mergen’s mid- and late-career output could be approached as outsider or folk art were it not for his academic training and professional position. Frankly, Mergen’s folksiness can distract from some of his more interesting technical and relational projects. For instance, in 1988 Mergen began casting and distributing commemorative pewter coins to honor relatives, friends, colleagues, and people he met on his world travels. With the altruistic motivation of sharing his enthusiasm for coinage and commemoration, Mergen minted more than 1800 coins. He distributed them on three continents and in 13 countries and 29 states, quietly deploying one of the longest running and far reaching craft-based relational projects to date. This little known endeavor situates Mergen as a forerunner of social practice artists, such as Michael Strand.

So What 50 includes work from the past 15 years. This most recent period has yielded Mergen’s most ambitious works since the late 1970s, bearing witness to lessons learned over a long and prodigious career. Fish Box (2001) is a great example of how Mergen has revisited previous forms and themes, such as the seamed vessel, the multi-node foot, and the chased fish. Since his retirement from teaching in 2003, Mergen has made a series of necklaces that combine large intricately chased medallions with colorful wrapped thread, bundles of sticks, found and altered natural materials, coins, and other elemental forms. Echo of the Sun (2008) and Underwater, Under Sky (2012) are good examples of Mergen’s late career style. These tightly composed works demonstrate a reverence for nature, natural phenomena, and historic world jewelry and position Mergen’s personal style within a global lineage of jewelry makers. They are certainly the most ambitious works of his later career, clearly articulating the vocabulary of technique, form, and material he cultivated over 50 years.

Paul Mergen
Paul Mergen, Echo of the Sun, 2008, necklace, copper, thread, twine, sticks, found objects, 328 x 260 mm, photo by artist

So What 50 is a generous yet sprawling retrospective documenting the career of a little known American coppersmith. Through So What 50, Paul Mergen shares his passage from grounded studio craftsman to holistic metalsmith shaman. He takes great pains through wonderful handwritten annotation to bring his audience along on his life journey. For the jewelry connoisseur or historian, the work of Paul Mergen presents a highly stylized and sophisticated vision for the fusion of twentieth-century metalsmithing and pre-Columbian and native folk jewelry traditions. Ultimately, the retrospective rewards those who are patient with intricate works that oscillate between sublime cultural conflation and sentimental kitsch.


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